Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping. Nordic combined has been part of the Winter Olympics since 1924 and the FIS Nordic Combined World Cup since 1983. Canada started competing in 1928.
The first major Nordic combined competition was held in 1892 in Oslo at the first Holmenkollen ski jump. King Olav V of Norway was an able jumper and competed in the Holmenkollen Ski Festival in the 1920s. It was in the 1924 Winter Olympics, and has been on the programme ever since. Until the 1950s, the cross-country race was held first, followed by the ski jumping. This was reversed as the difference in the cross-country race tended to be too big to overcome in ski jumping. The sport has been dominated by the Norwegians, supported by the Finns. It was not until 1960 that the Nordic grip on this discipline was broken when West German Georg Thoma won the gold medal at the 1960 Winter Olympics.
Still as of the early-2010s the International Ski Federation sanctioned no women’s competitions. However, it was decided in early-November 2016 that women’s competitions were to be established on FIS-level starting during the second half of the 2010s with inclusion at world championships starting in 2021 and at the Olympic Winter Games in 2022.